Date de l'exposé : 12 mai 2017, 11h30-12h30, salle Petri/Turing
A 45 minutes introduction to the practice and theory of laser fault injectionLaser illumination was first used by researchers from the radiation community as a tool to emulate single event effects induced by radioactive particles [1,2]. Then, S. Skorobogatov et al. identified laser illumination as an effective technique to conduct fault attacks in 2002 . Since then, laser-fault injection became a well-studied fault injection tool [4-8]. It makes it possible to inject faults with high accuracy and to meet the requirements of the most restrictive attack schemes. This talk will describe the mechanism at the root cause of fault injection. It will also report experimental results obtained when attacking devices designed in a wide range of CMOS technologies: from the ancient 350nm to the modern 28nm. To succeed fault attacks rely heavily on the various properties of the injected faults (such as the number of faulted bits or byte, timing, repeatability, fault distribution, etc.) what is called a fault-model. Some of these fault-models will be introduced and discussed: the bit-set/reset or bit-flip fault-model of memory cells and the instruction skip fault-model of microcontrollers.
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